Valium (diazepam) is a drug from the benzodiazepine family (list). It was the 2nd benzodiazepine to appear on the market in 1963 and remains used tranquilizers.
It has anxiolytic, sedative, hypnotic, anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant, and amnesia properties.
It is recommended in the treatment of anxiety when it is accompanied by troublesome disorders, or in the prevention or treatment of symptoms linked to alcohol withdrawal, indicates the leaflet for Valium 10 mg
The following are the desirable effects described in the package leaflet for Valium 10 mg:
Neuro-psychiatric adverse reactions
memory impairment (memory loss), which can occur with therapeutic doses, the risk increasing in proportion to the dose;
behavioral disturbances, changes in consciousness, irritability, aggressiveness, agitation;
physical and psychological dependence, even at therapeutic doses with withdrawal or rebound syndrome on discontinuation of treatment;
feelings of intoxication, headaches, difficulty coordinating certain movements;
Benzodiazepines are not recommended for the primary treatment of psychosis.
This medicine contains 31.4 mg / 2 ml of benzyl alcohol. It can cause toxic reactions and anaphylactoid-like reactions in infants and children up to 3 years old. Intravenous administration of benzyl alcohol has been associated with serious effects and death in newborns that are called as suffocation syndrome The minimum amount of benzyl alcohol that can cause toxicity is not known. Besides, given the increased risk of accumulation in young children (under 3 years), it should not be used for more than a week.
Benzyl alcohol can cause allergic reactions.
Furthermore, due to the risk of accumulation and toxicity (metabolic acidosis), precautions should be taken in pregnant and lactating women, in people with hepatic or renal failure.
This medicinal product contains 11% by volume of ethanol (alcohol), i.e. up to 340 mg at the usual maximum dose of 20 mg in adults, which is equivalent to 8.8 ml of beer, 3.7 ml of wine per dose. The use of this medication is dangerous in alcoholics and should be taken into account in pregnant or breastfeeding women, children, and high-risk groups such as patients with hepatic impairment or epilepsy.
Due to the presence of benzoic acid and sodium benzoate, this medicine increases blood bilirubin.
You should avoid drinking alcohol while taking diazepam. Combining alcohol with this medicine may cause an increase in the side reactions associated with taking diazepam, including slowed breathing.